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Al Masane Al Kobra's Environmental Management

At Al Masane Al Kobra, we take our environmental stewardship responsibilities seriously. Sound environmental management and continuous improvement in our environmental performance is a priority at our site. 

We are an environmentally conscious Company, with a vision to become one of the best in the Middle East area of environmental management. We have fully adopted and embraced the concept of sustainable development as our goal in our environmental management programs. Our efforts are aimed at optimizing resource consumption and minimizing our environmental footprint. Our strategic goal is to reduce waste generation, increase recycling and maintain environmentally sound operations.

We aim to:

Conserve environmental resources Prevent or minimize adverse impacts arising from our operations Demonstrate active stewardship of land, biodiversity and prevention of global warming Use proven technologies in our operations, processes and future expansions to attain world-class environmental standards. 

Our operations employ certified Environmental Management Systems. Through these systems, we ensure implementation of our policies in thought and action. Regular internal and external audits are carried out to identify and correct non-conformities.


Environmental protection and performance are strategic priorities in our company. We strive to minimize our environmental footprint at work. Our Environmental Policy is reinforced by the Board of Directors through the Environmental department.

Managing for the Environment

At Al Masane Al Kobra, we pride ourselves on being skilled, responsible operators who strive not only to meet, but to exceed, environmental regulatory requirements wherever we operate. 

To meet the commitments of our corporate Environmental Policy, AMAK has a company-wide Environmental Management System, modeled after the global ISO 140001 standard for the environment. This system provides structure, standards, and guidelines for air quality, water management, reclamation and biodiversity. 

We believe that environmental accountability is the responsibility of everyone at Al Masane, and a critical aspect of our environmental program is ongoing environmental training for both employees and contractors.

Measuring and Reporting Performance

Throughout Al Masane , we operate with the clear mandate of being in full compliance at all times with Saudi standards, applicable laws, regulations and permit requirements. We also measure our environmental performance by setting and tracking performance indicators in key areas.

Environmental Policy Statement

Environmental leadership in the mining industry is a strategic business objective of AMAK. Maintaining high professional standards for our environmental practices is vital to our long-term sustainable success and forms the foundation of our corporate reputation. AMAK acknowledges its responsibility to manage the environmental effects associated with its operations as we pursue our goal of generating value for our shareholders, our employees and our local communities.


AMAK will :

  • Comply with applicable environmental laws and regulations at all times; at all locations; and at all stages of exploration, development, operations and reclamation.
  • Establish and maintain standards, procedures and management controls to ensure that environmental considerations are balanced equally with competing priorities and other key business activities.
  • Ensure that all employees and contractors are trained to understand their environmental responsibilities and create an environment which adheres to the Company’s policies, procedures and applicable regulations.
  • Hold leadership accountable for good environmental performance of our operations and projects. Inherent in that accountability will be the commitment of senior management to provide resources and successfully create an appropriate environment.
  • Reward and recognize behavior that supports environmental stewardship. Implement procedures to measure environmental performance, including regular inspection by our consultancy to verify compliance with the all applicable regulations.
  • Communicate openly with employees, regulatory agencies, the public, and shareholders on environmental issues.
  • Work proactively with other mining companies, policy makers and the public to define environmental priorities and to contribute to the development of responsible laws and regulations to protect the environment.
  • Actively engage with credible third parties to develop continuous improvement in our environmental policies and practices. Continuously review environmental achievements and technologies to share and promote implementation of best practices.  

Water Managements

Water is used in our mining operations for ore processing and dust suppression and control. Wherever possible, AMAK recycles water from our processing operations in order to reduce water consumption. We have also instituted environmental control measures, including surface and groundwater monitoring within the boundaries of the mine, the tailings dam, and surrounding areas. 

Water management is a critical component of our environmental management system. Each activity is required to maintain a predictive water balance to ensure that water is not wasted and that site discharges, if required, are controlled and meet all regulatory requirements. Our EHS Management System includes a water balance standard that applies to all of our operations. 

All of our milling process operations are designed to be closed loop systems and recirculate water. In many cases, run-off from the mine and other water, such as treated camp sewage, are also captured and recycled. Where local regulations allow, some water may be discharged. We have a modern sewage treatment plant that operates 24/7; the treated water that meats the PME standards for usage of treated sewage water in agriculture & irrigation is used all over the site for irrigation of the trees, plants, and green landscape.

Air Quality

The most common air emission at our operations is dust, which is produced from road traffic and processing operations. Dust from roads is controlled by road watering and paving. Dust at crushers and conveyor belt systems are controlled with mist sprays and collection systems deployed at emission sources. 

Other common air emissions are the result of hydrocarbon combustion in trucks and other heavy equipment, mobile generators and other power sources. These emissions are primarily carbon dioxide, which we monitor and report with all other emissions to the PME quarterly through Esco our environmental contractors

Waste Management

In our business, waste comes in two forms: mineral and non-mineral. AMAK has guidelines, procedures and processes in place to manage both types of waste generation and residues at our operations.

Non-Mineral Wastes

AMAK recycles and reuses waste from our operations to the maximum practicable extent. Materials that cannot be recycled are disposed of in a manner that is environmentally acceptable and in compliance with regulations. Waste products such as oil, for example, are collected by contractors for recycling. We have procedures in place for all sites that outline the proper handling and storage of wastes to ensure that people and the environment are protected. We have recycling programs at each of our operations.

Mineral Wastes

In mining, mechanical and chemical processes are used to extract the desired products – Cu, Zn, Au and Ag – from mined ore. What is left are residual materials called waste rock and tailings.


Ore is mined underground then crushed and processed using a flotation process at the mill. The tailings, which are the remaining material after Cu, Zn, Au & Ag are separated, are transported to the tailings storage facility (TSF) with 20% – 22% moisture content, it mainly consist of ground rock and residual process effluents. Tailings are an important component of waste management for our mining operation. At our facilities, tailings are placed into a specially engineered storage facilities built behind dams on a land of 159,696 m2 and 2km east of the mine called the Tailing Storage Facility (TSF). After mining stops at the mine, the TSF will be decommissioned and reclaimed to ensure that it become a part of the post-mine land use and poses no hazard to the public or the environment.

The objective of our tailings management program is to design, build and operate tailings structures that are :

  • Physically stable under all anticipated conditions and that meet regulatory and engineering guidelines.
  • Chemically stable, such that the quality of any seepage or surface runoff does not endanger human health or the environment.
  • Integrated into the operation plan, so that at the end of its life, the mine can be closed in a manner compatible with the surrounding land use, which will have no or a minimal impact on the environment.

We also require a quarterly review of our tailings facility by a third-party (Esco), and they report to the Presidency of Meteorology and the Environment (PME) to help maintain and ensure its stability and safety.

Waste Rock

Each operation has its own waste rock management plan that outlines procedures to identify and manage materials that may be subject to leaching, including acids, metals or other substances that could potentially impact surface or groundwater. Waste rock piles are designed and constructed to be stable. We have company-wide systems to regularly monitor and inspect waste piles to ensure that they are being maintained in accordance with our standards. If waste material such as bedrock or development rock is geochemically suitable, it can be used as a source of fill, road base or for other construction purposes.

Bio-Diversity and Land Managements

With our operations in a relatively remote area, our aim is to protect the long term health, function and viability of the natural environment and its components surrounding the operations. We ensure that the environmental footprint is minimized. This is to ensure that our operations do not adversely impact the nature of the region and create and promote positive impacts. All our Greenfield projects and expansions undergo strict Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies to understand the biodiversity of the region in which we operate. 

AMAK has ambitious plans to plant 1000 trees a year. So far, more than 800 trees have been planted around the site.

Cyanide Managements

Cyanide is one of the most efficient and safe reagents for the extraction of gold from ore. Consistent with our commitment to EHS best practices, we have committed to complying with the International Cyanide Management Code. This voluntary code, developed by a multi-stakeholder group under the guidance of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), includes a requirement for third-party certification. The Code focuses on the safe manufacture, transportation, storage, use and decommissioning of cyanide and associated facilities. The Code establishes high EHS design and operating standards for all AMAK operations.

All Managers and Supervisors are working to :

Develop, implement, and continually improve a comprehensive system with clear roles and responsibilities to ensure compliance with AMAK and regulatory standards. These standards are to be integrated into all aspects of our business at all stages of exploration, development, and mine and closure. Ensure that all employees and contractors are trained and competent to safely perform their work. Measure, monitor, and report Environmental performance. Engage employees in the development and implementation of environmental systems and programs. Foster a culture of reporting and responding to workplace issues and incidents to insure that they are acknowledged and addressed

All workers, whether AMAK or contract employees, are required to :

Support the Environmental program by actively participating in all training; reporting all undesirable conditions, and ensuring that they and their coworkers follow all protective measures and safe work standards. We are committed to promoting environmental awareness among our employees, partners and suppliers.

” We completed the testing and commissioning of our mining facility , which is fully operational as of quarter 3 of 2012. The facility was officially inaugurated

by His Royal Highness Prince Mishaal bin Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Prince of Najran on 2 October 2012 “