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Environmental Management

Environmental Policy Statement

Environmental leadership in the mining industry is a strategic business objective of AMAK. Maintaining high professional standards for our environmental practices is vital to our long-term sustainable success and forms the foundation of our corporate reputation. AMAK acknowledges its responsibility to manage the environmental effects associated with its operations as we pursue our goal of generating value for our shareholders, employees and local communities.

Implementation of Environmental Management

AMAK’s Environmental Management Plan (EMP) allows the practice of:

  • Comply with applicable environmental laws and regulations at all stages of exploration, development, operations and reclamation

  • Establish and maintain standards, procedures and management controls to ensure that environmental considerations are balanced equally with competing priorities and other key business activities

  • Ensure that all employees and contractors strictly practice AMAK’s EMP

  • Hold leadership accountable for environmental performance of our operations and projects

  • Communicate openly with employees, regulatory agencies, the public, and shareholders on environmental issues

  • Actively engage with competent third parties to develop continuous improvement in our environmental policies and practices

  • Continuously review environmental achievements and technologies to share and promote implementation of best practices  

  • Review EMP timely and implement industry’s new sustainable practices and procedur

Waste Management

AMAK recycles and reuses waste from our operations to the maximum practicable extent. We have procedures in place that outline the handling and segregation of wastes to ensure that people and the environment are protected. 

Our operations generates two forms of waste: hazardous and non-hazardous. Waste Management Plan’s strict guidelines, procedures and processes allows us to manage our waste appropriately. 

  1. Non-Hazardous Wastes 

Materials that cannot be recycled are disposed of in a manner that is environmentally acceptable and in compliance with regulations. Waste products such as oil, metal plastics, batteries, and tires are collected and given off to recycling companies. 

During 2017, AMAK recycled more than 60,000 liters of used oil and 400 tons of scrap metal. 

  1. Hazardous Wastes 

After extracting Copper, Zinc, Gold and Silver from the mechanical and chemical processes, our operations generate waste in the form of waste rock and tailings. 

  • Tailings 

Ore is mined underground then crushed and processed using a flotation process at the Process Plant. After extraction of Copper, Zinc, Gold and Silver, what is left behind is tailings. This is a solid material with 20-22% moisture content, and also contains chemicals from the processing process. This is then transported to the Tailings Storage Facility (TSF). 

The TSF is a specially engineered storage facility built behind dams on a land of 159,696 m2 and 2km east of the mine. The underneath layers of this area is covered with two non-permeable layers, i.e. Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL) followed by High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) liner.

AMAK has published and strictly adheres to its Tailings Dam Management Plant, which covers the following:

  • TSF shall be physically stable under all anticipated conditions and meet regulatory and engineering guidelines

  • Chemically stable, such that the quality of any seepage or surface runoff does not endanger human health or the environment

  • Integrated into the operation plan, so that at the end of its life, the mine can be closed in a manner compatible with the surrounding land use, which will have no or a minimal impact on the environment

We quarterly analyze and review the stability of our TSF by a competent third-party environmental consultant (Arensco), to help maintain and ensure its stability and safety. This is also reported to the General Authority of Meteorology and Environment (GAMEP). 

  • Waste Rock 

AMAK’s Waste Rock Management Plan outlines procedures to manage rock material that may be subject to leaching that could potentially impact surface or groundwater. Waste rock piles are designed and constructed to be stable; we regularly monitor and inspect our waste rock piles to ensure that they are being maintained in accordance with our standards

All geochemically stable waste rock (bedrock or development rock), is further utilized as a source of backfill, road base or construction purposes. 

Bio-Diversity and Land Management

Al Masane Mine Site is located in a relatively remote area, our aim is to protect the long term health, function and viability of the natural environment and its components surrounding the operations. We ensure that the environmental footprint is minimized. Through a competent third-party, AMAK conducts bi-annual wildlife ecological surveys to review the populations of native animal species. 

All our expansions undergo comprehensive Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies to understand the environmental, social and economic aspects and impacts. 

AMAK has planted 2000 trees in 2018, which brings up to a total of 4500 plantation corridor at Al Masane Site. Drip Irrigation method is dominantly used for watering these corridors.


Cyanide Managements

Cyanide is one of the most efficient and safe reagents for the extraction of gold from ore. Consistent with our commitment to best practices, we focus on the safe manufacture, transportation, storage, use and disposal of cyanide. Our trained professionals are aware of the environmental impacts, and comply with strict regulations during storage and usage at our Site.


Water Management

Al Masane practices zero water discharge at the Site. Due to high annual evaporation rates, water in this arid region is a valued resource. Monitoring of water quality is undertaken at regular intervals to ensure pH and other parameters are at an acceptable level. 

Water management is a critical component of our EMP. Each activity is required to maintain a predictive water balance to ensure that water is not wasted and that site discharges, if required, are controlled and meet all regulatory requirements. Flowmeters are installed at various inlet and outlet locations to keep a check on water usage and identify any leakages. 

Water is used in our operations for ore processing, dust suppression, irrigation and household. AMAK has set-up water recycling strategies and systems to reduce fresh water consumption. Furthermore, quarterly groundwater monitoring is conducted for environmental control measures.

All of our milling process operations are designed to be closed loop systems and recirculate water. In many cases, run-off from the mine and other water, such as treated camp sewage, are also captured and recycled. 

We have a modern 200m3/day Sewage Treatment Plant that operates 24/7; the treated water is for agriculture & irrigation purposes after going through tertiary treatment. The final water quality meets GAMEP standards.


Air Quality

The most common air emission at our operations is dust, which is produced from ore processing and vehicle traffic. Dust from roads is controlled by road watering and covering barren areas with aggregates. Dust at crushers and conveyor belt systems are controlled with mist sprays and special dust collection systems deployed at emission sources. 

Other common air emissions are the result of hydrocarbon combustion from heavy equipment, mobile generators and light vehicles. Ambient Air is monitored and reported monthly, through our environmental consultant, Arensco, at more than 50 locations at Al Masane Site. 


Environmental Monitoring

AMAK monitors all environmental parameters by its experienced Environmental Team and also through competent third party environmental consultant, Arensco. A comprehensive environmental monitoring report is published every month, and reported to GAMEP quarterly. To date, all AMAK Sites are in compliance with all relevant regulatory requirements.


” We completed the testing and commissioning of our mining facility , which is fully operational as of quarter 3 of 2012. The facility was officially inaugurated
by His Royal Highness Prince Mishaal bin Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Prince of Najran on 2 October 2012 “